GIANT PANDAS ARE MOSTLY SOLITARY ANIMALS
GIANT PANDAS ARE
GIANT PANDAS DO NOT PATROL THEIR HOME TERRITORIES
they cannot waste energy !!
FEMALES GIANT PANDAS AND MALE GIANT PANDAS ENCOUNTER EACH OTHER ONLY IN SPRING
during the time of mating
MALE GIANT PANDAS RARELY MEET OTHER MALE GIANT PANDAS
they usually only meet before the time of mating
THE MALE GIANT PANDAS HAVE TO DETERMINE THEIR RANK IN THE PRE - MATING PROCESS ..
which male will be able to get closest to the female
THESE CONFRONTATIONS OR MEETINGS ARE USUALLY RESOLVED PEACEFULLY ! ! !
giant pandas cannot waste valuable energy on fighting ! ! !
THE GIANT PANDA WILL LOOK AWAY
ACTUALLY COVER ITS FACE WITH ITS PAWS
to show other giant pandas that no harm is intended ! ! !
humans could really learn something very valuable from these amazing and gentle beings ! ! !
GIANT PANDAS COMMUNICATE WITH EACH OTHER IN SEVERAL WAYS
giant pandas communicate all sorts of information to other giant pandas through vocalizations
make a huge range of sounds
BARKS ( like a dog )
HONKS ( like a goose )
BLEATS ( like a lamb )
SQUEAKS ( like a mouse )
GIANT PANDAS HAVE A LARGE VOCABULARY OF ALL SORTS OF SOUNDS
sounds ranging from .. low deep rumblings .. to .. high pitched squeals
WOW ! ! !
GIANT PANDAS WILL CALL TO EACH OTHER THROUGHOUT THE YEAR
as they call .. they pace up and down and back and forth ! ! !
BUT .. MOST CALLS OF BOTH THE FEMALE AND THE MALE GIANT PANDAS HAPPEN WHEN
THEY ARE READY TO COURT AND MATE
GIANT PANDAS SCENT MARK THEIR TERRITORIES
USE URINE or GLAND SECRETIONS TO MAKE THE MARKS
SCENT MARK ONTO .. ROCKS . TREES
scent is very strong smelling ..
use tails to spread the secretions
MOSTLY THE MALES SCENT MARK
FEMALES SCENT MARK WHEN THEY ARE LOOKING FOR A MATE
both male and females check trees and rocks for information
THESE ARE NATURE'S MESSAGE CENTERS !!!
USE THEIR SUPER EXCELLENT SENSE OF SMELL TO DETECT INFORMATION FROM THESE MARKS
easily distinguish between their own territory and territories of other giant pandas
giant pandas create signposts or scratch posts to communicate information to other GIANT PANDAS
SIGNPOSTS ARE CREATED FROM STANDING TREES
giant panda chews off the bark
scratches the tree ..
and .. leaves huge deep claw marks on the trunk near the ground !
also .. rubs parts smooth on the tree trunk
giant pandas use physical posturing to communicate
TO SHOW NON AGGRESSION .. GIANT PANDAS WILL LOOK AWAY .. OR EVEN COVER EYES !!!
GIANT PANDAS HAVE A VERY SLOW RATE OF REPRODUCTION
female giant pandas are only able to mate about 2 - 3 days each year
GIANT PANDAS HAVE A VERY LONG INTERVAL BETWEEN THE BIRTH OF THEIR BABIES
giant pandas have twins most of the time but sometimes they have only one !
GIANT PANDAS DO NOT ALWAYS MATE WELL WHEN THEY ARE NOT IN THEIR NATURAL WILD HOME
these factors do not help the population to increase rapidly
THE MATING PERIOD OF TIME FOR GIANT PANDAS IS IN MID APRIL
the female climbs into high trees and calls for a mate
MALES CALL BACK UNTIL THEY LOCATE HER
then she chooses a mate with the most diverse unrelated genetic material
SHE NEEDS TO DO THIS TO ENSURE A STRONG HEALTHY GENETICALLY DIVERSE BABY ! ! !
the female can accomplish this through scent ..
SHE CAN DETERMINE THAT THE MALE IS NOT AT ALL RELATED TO HER THROUGH HIS ODOR
SEVERAL MALES ANSWER HER CALL .. BY CLIMBING HIGH UP IN TREES AND SINGING IN RESPONSE
the mating song includes ..
MOANS . BARKS . HOOTS . YIPS
these songs sound like the sounds of all sorts of animals
THESE SONGS ARE CALLED .. BARNYARD MELODIES
the songs help the males to find her ..
then they will mark a tree near her so she can see which one is the BEST !!
they make high marks on trees by doing a pawstand ( handstand ) upside down and mark the tree high up
IT IS BELIEVED THAT THE FEMALE CHOOSES THE MALE BASED ON HIS ATHLETIC ABILITY
( just like humans do sometimes )
female giant pandas are reproductively mature at 5 1/2 - 6 years of age
male giant pandas are reproductively mature at 6 - 7 years of age
the male and female are sometimes a bit aggressive to each other at first ..
because they both live solitary lives most of the year .. it takes them a little time to get used to each other
after mating .. the male returns to his home territory
AFTER THE MATING TIME .. THE GIANT PANDA MOM TO BE .. LOCATES A PLACE FOR A DEN ..
female giant pandas prefer to carve out nursery dens in the base of large trees
SINCE LOTS OF TREES HAVE BEEN CUT DOWN
female giant pandas have to find and create a home in a cave or underneath a rock outcropping
AFTER SHE FINDS A PLACE .. SHE WILL LINE IT WITH WOOD CHIPS ..
BRANCHES AND SOFT SHREDDED BAMBOO
FEMALE GIANT PANDAS ARE EXTREMELY FIERCE AND AGGRESSIVE DURING THE TIME OF THEIR
GESTATION AND THE BIRTH OF THEIR BABY
GESTATION IS 14 - 23 WEEKS
SHE GIVES BIRTH ALONE AND ONLY MOM CARES FOR BABY
the mom has 4 nursing nipples
THE MOM GIANT PANDA DOES NOT EAT FOR THE FIRST 10 - 30 days after her baby is born
she fasts !!!
because her tiny tiny baby needs constant constant constant care !!!
GIANT PANDA FEMALES ARE FANTASTIC MOMS ! ! !
loving . gentle . devoted
the baby giant panda is called a cub !
the giant panda mom usually can only care for one cub at a time easily
GIANT PANDA CUBS ARE USUALLY BORN IN AUGUST - SEPTEMBER
60 % of the time 2 cubs are born
it is hard for the mom to feed both cubs ..
it is hard for her to eat enough food ..
so she usually has to choose to care for the more healthy of the 2 cubs .. the larger and stronger
GIANT PANDA CUBS ARE STILL EMBRYONIC AND NOT FULLY DEVELOPED WHEN THEY ARE BORN
the period of gestation could not possibly be any longer
because the mother giant panda could not eat enough food every day to fulfill her nutritional needs
and the larger and more developed cub embryo
newborn giant panda babies are so fragile and vulnerable
NEWBORN BABY GIANT PANDAS ARE REALLY AT GREAT RISK FROM ..
THE GIANT PANDA MOM HOLDS THE BABY GIANT PANDA CUB ALMOST CONSTANTLY
FOR THE FIRST 30 DAYS AFTER BIRTH
giant panda mom cares for and protects her cub ferociously !
the only food of the baby giant panda is the mom's milk until they are about 7 months old
mom starts to wean cub from her milk at about 7 months old
at about 10 - 11 months old cub stops milk drinking completely
THE MILK OF THE GIANT PANDA IS REALLY REALLY REALLY HIGH IN FAT ! ! !
SCIENTISTS DO NOT UNDERSTAND HOW THE GIANT PANDA MOM
IS ABLE TO MAKE MILK WITH SUCH A HIGH FAT CONTENT !!!
the most food she can ever eat is just a little more than she needs to survive
when baby giant pandas are a little bit older .. they will sleep in trees ..
where they are protected from predators
CUBS ARE SUPER TINY AT BIRTH
body about 5 - 6 inches long
tail is 1 inch long
hind feet are 1/2 inch long
little bit white hair
weight .. can be 3 1/2 - 5 ounces
usually 4 ounces
NEWBORN CUB .. weighs only 1/900th of mom's weight !!!
a newborn cub is one of the smallest of all baby animals in relation to the size of the mom
BABY GIANT PANDA CUBS WEIGH LESS THAN AN APPLE WHEN THEY ARE BORN !
NEWBORN CUB ..
can raise its head
can emit a LOUD SQUEAL
at about 1 month old .. cub begins to really show the distinct markings of the adult giant panda
at 2 months old .. cub looks just like adult giant panda .. fully furred with distinct markings and coloration
BABY GIANT PANDAS FUR IS EXTREMELY SOFT SOFT SOFT - as soft as silk
at 2 1/2 months old .. cub can stand for first time !
BORN WITH EYES CLOSED
at 40 days old .. eyes open
eyes wide open 50 days old
cubs develop their vision 70 - 90 days old
CUBS RESPOND TO SOUND WHEN 75 DAYS OLD
cubs have 24 deciduous baby teeth .. that begin to grow in at about 3 months old
fully grown in at 6 months old
then .. deciduous teeth start to come out at 8 months old
at 15 - 17 months old baby teeth completely replaced by permanent teeth
CUB ARE SUPER PLAYFUL AND ACTIVE !
LEARN TO CLIMB WHEN VERY YOUNG !
the young cub stays with its mom until about 1 1/2 years old
THEN .. STARTS OWN LIFE WITHIN MOM'S TERRITORY
young adult giant panda stays near mom until about 2 1/2 years old
then young adult giant panda start their own territory
young giant pandas grow very slowly
reach their adult weight at 4 years old
at about 5 years old giant pandas are reproductively mature
IT'S A FASCINATING FACT !
adult giant pandas sleep wherever they are when they need to ..
they often lean against a .. rock .. tree .. fallen log
sometimes they will sleep in bamboo thickets
sometimes they sleep high up in trees !
giant pandas are great climbers !
THEY CLIMB TREES TO AVOID PREDATORS
usually sleep about 10 hours a day .. are active 14 hours day
giant pandas lose less body heat through radiation because they are huge in size
this means that they have lower metabolic rates
and so they have lower nutritional requirements than smaller animals
( radiation means .. body heat RADIATES out and moves away from the body )
( metabolic rate means the speed at which an animal uses up the food it eats to make energy )
GIANT PANDAS CAN MOVE SUPER FAST WHEN NEED TO
giant pandas are shy and gentle animals
but will attack in defense with super sharp claws
DO NOT HIBERNATE
to be able to hibernate an animal needs to be able to eat a huge amount of surplus food and store the energy
in the form of a layer of fat
GIANT PANDAS CANNOT DO THIS ..
they MUST spend many hours every day eating just enough to survive
THERE IS NO WAY THAT A GIANT PANDA WOULD BE ABLE TO EAT ENOUGH FOOD
TO STORE A SURPLUS AMOUNT OF ENERGY NUTRIENTS AS FAT ! ! !
GIANT PANDAS ARE HUGE CONTRIBUTORS TO THE BIODIVERSITY OF PLANET EARTH !
THE ONLY THING THAT EVERY AMAZING ANIMAL IN THE WORLD HAS TO DO TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE ENVIRONMENT
OF PLANET EARTH IS SIMPLY JUST TO BE ALIVE !
AMAZING PLANET EARTH IS LIKE A HUGE SPORTS TEAM ..
WITH ALL THE ANIMALS BEING REALLY REALLY IMPORTANT MEMBERS OF THE TEAM ..
ALL EACH ANIMAL HAS TO DO IS JUST BE HERE !!!
JUST DO WHAT THEY DO NATURALLY .. LIVE THEIR AMAZING LIVES !!!
THAT IS ENOUGH !!!
THE HABITAT OF THE GIANT PANDAS IS RICH WITH WONDERFUL PLANT AND ANIMAL LIFE
- there are at least 580 species of plant that are native to the area that is the habitat of the giant panda
- there are at least 210 species of bird and mammal that are native to the area that is the habitat of the giant panda
THE GIANT PANDA IS AN IMPORTANT PART OF THAT HABITAT ..
all pieces of that puzzle are needed to make it complete ! ! !
GIANT PANDAS ARE FACING MANY DIFFICULTIES
BECAUSE OF INTERACTION WITH HUMANS !
human pressure for land keeps giant pandas from living in lower altitudes
PERE ARMAND DAVID WAS A FRENCH MISSIONARY IN CHINA
Pere David introduced the rest of the world to the giant panda in 1869
THE GIANT PANDA HAS ALWAYS BEEN A MYSTERY TO HUMANS
the first giant panda to come the UNITED STATES was SU-LIN
to the Brookfield Zoo in Chicago in 1936
then 1972 LING LING and HSING HSING came to Washington DC to National Zoo
CHINESE GOVERNMENT HAS DECLARED THE GIANT PANDA A NATIONAL TREASURE
IN THE LAST 100 YEARS THERE HAS BEEN A MAJOR LOSS OF HABITAT BECAUSE OF THE IRRESPONSIBLE
ACTIVITIES OF HUMANS DURING THE LAST 500 YEARS
a great amount of habitat has been destroyed by agriculture
GIANT PANDAS HAVE BEEN FORCED INTO NARROW STRIPS ALONG MOUNTAIN RIDGES !!!
humans have finally begun to make some little steps in the right direction
towards helping the amazing giant pandas
THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT IS TRYING ..
creating wildlife corridors of bamboo to try to connect fragmented population groups
CHINA has passed laws to protect them
CHINA has established nature reserves and research centers within the habitat areas
SCIENTISTS AROUND THE WORLD ARE TRYING TO FIGURE OUT WAYS TO HELP THE GIANT PANDAS
they are trying to prevent any loss of life
EVERY PANDA ON PLANET EARTH IS CRUCIALLY IMPORTANT TO THE SURVIVAL OF THE SPECIES !!!
first baby born in captivity in 1978 in Bejiing
in 1983 CHINA established 12 GIANT PANDA RESCUE CENTERS
IN THE LAST FEW YEARS CHINA HAS BOUGHT MANY MOUNTAIN FARMS AND RELOCATED THE HUMANS
the farms are being reforested in bamboo
this program is called GRAIN TO GREEN or FARMS TO FOREST
CHINA HAS ESTABLISHED A SQUAD OF HUMANS TO STOP OTHER HUMANS FROM KILLING GIANT PANDAS
called the PANDA PATROL !!
some humans have killed giant pandas for their fur ..
ONLY A MONSTER WOULD WANT TO HURT THESE BEAUTIFUL ANIMALS !
NOW THERE ARE ABOUT 60 PANDA NATURE PRESERVES
THAT PROTECT 1/2 OF THE HABITAT OF THE GIANT PANDA
ON JULY 14 2006 .. AT THE 30TH SESSION OF THE WORLD HERITAGE BOARD MEETING
THE SICHUAN GIANT PANDA HABITAT WAS LISTED AS A WORLD NATURAL HERITAGE SITE
HUMANS HAVE LEARNED SO MUCH IN A VERY SHORT PERIOD OF TIME
MUST KEEP WORKING !!!
IN 1995 .. GIANT PANDA BABIES BORN IN ZOOS AND RESEARCH CENTERS RESULTED IN A 100 % MORTALITY RATE ..
ALL THE BABIES DIED
IN 2005 .. CAPTIVE BIRTHS .. 100 % SURVIVAL RATE .. ALL THE BABIES LIVED ..
biologists and nutritionists have figured out all sorts of strategies to help the giant pandas ..
for example ..
when a mom has twins .. the humans care for 1 .. and the mom cares for the other .. then they switch
and repeat .. and repeat .. this way both the cubs get great nutrition and the care they need from their moms ..
have figured out the right type of milk formula for the babies ..
THE UNITED NATIONS IS WORKING HARD TO HELP THE GIANT PANDA
formed group called UNEP .. United Nations Environment Program
in charge of another organization to help animals
CITES .. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild flora and fauna
CITES has 160 governments as members
CITES works to protect animals and plants
since CITES formed in 1975 .. no animals have been EXTINCTED by humans !!!
THE WORLD WILDLIFE FUND is making progress to help CHINA to help GIANT PANDAS
China has since banned logging in natural forests
China has started a 10 billion dollar reforestation project
CHINA PLANS TO INVEST 1 BILLION DOLLARS A YEAR FOR 30 YEARS TO EXPAND THE PROTECTED
AREAS OF THE GIANT PANDA'S HABITAT
in 1998 the United States government started the idea that any zoo who wanted giant pandas would
have to pay CHINA money to help them to help the giant pandas ..
THE GIANT PANDAS WOULD BE PROTECTED BY INTERNATIONAL LAWS
only receive giant pandas for a visit for a certain number of years and have to pay CHINA
1 MILLION dollars per year ..
the money used to .. buy land to reforest .. train scientists .. study
giant pandas can only visit a zoo .. if the visit will help the species survive
the pandas can only have been captive born
zoos must do all they can to help the giant pandas to have babies
must provide natural environment
best food possible !
THE GIANT PANDA IS ENDANGERED AND TERRIBLY IN DANGER
THEIR HABITAT IS ENDANGERED AND TERRIBLY IN DANGER ALSO
THE TOTAL WILD POPULATION OF THE AMAZING GIANT PANDA IS 1,864 INDIVIDUALS
AS PER THE MOST RECENT CENSUS OF 2014
ACCORDING TO THE WORLD WILDLIFE FUND
THERE ARE CURRENTLY 341 GIANT PANDAS
LIVING IN ZOOS AND RESEARCH CENTERS AROUND THE WORLD
- GIANT PANDAS LIVING IN ZOOS OUTSIDE OF CHINA
- GIANT PANDAS LIVING IN RESEARCH CENTERS IN CHINA
EVERY BABY PANDA BORN IN A ZOO BELONGS TO CHINA !
every giant panda born in a zoo anywhere in the world ..
moves the number in zoos and research centers .. above the goal of 300 giant pandas
300 GIANT PANDAS CREATES AND INSURES A SELF-SUSTAINING ZOO AND RESEARCH CENTER POPULATION
this population will help the giant pandas to move away from EXTINCTION !!!
THIS NUMBER DOES REPRESENT A HUGE SUCCESS !!
THE FUTURE SUCCESS FOR THE GIANT PANDA WILL INSPIRE TRUE AND REAL INTERNATIONAL
COOPERATION ON BEHALF OF THIS ENDANGERED AND IN DANGER WORLD TREASURE !!!
THE GIANT PANDA IS FACED WITH MANY HUMAN MADE PROBLEMS
THE RED HOT PROBLEM OF GLOBAL WARMING IS A HUGE PROBLEM FOR ALL ANIMALS !
HABITAT DESTRUCTION IS A HUGE PROBLEM .. CREATED BY HUMANS
TO MAKE FARMLAND
TO MAKE LUMBER
female giant pandas need very very large trees to carve out dens for their babies
THE TREMENDOUS INCREASE IN AGRICULTURE RECENTLY IN CHINA HAS HAD HORRIBLE EFFECTS
ON GIANT PANDAS
forests of trees have been cut down to make farms
THESE FORESTS WERE THE HOMES OF GIANT PANDAS
TERRIBLE TERRIBLE MONSTROUS HUMANS SET ILLEGAL IMMORAL TRAPS FOR ALL SORTS OF ANIMALS
GIANT PANDAS GET CAUGHT AND DIE HORRIBLE SLOW PAINFUL AWFUL DEATHS ..
the nature reserves of the giant pandas are separated ..
THE GIANT PANDAS CANNOT TRAVEL TO EACH OTHER
they are isolated
THIS DOES NOT ENCOURAGE GENETIC DIVERSITY
FRAGMENTED HABITAT SEPARATED BY FARMS IS A HUGE PROBLEM
when bamboo dies back .. how will the giant pandas cross the farmland ?
they cannot .. they have to eat constantly while they are awake ..
they could not walk across a farm .. they need to eat as they move anywhere ..
ALL OF THESE HUMAN FARMS WERE ONCE WILD BAMBOO FORESTS !!!
HUMANS DO NOT KNOW ENOUGH ABOUT GIANT PANDAS
there is a huge lack of knowledge about giant pandas !!
EDUCATIONAL CURRICULUM IS SERIOUSLY LACKING CONTENT ABOUT ANIMALS !!