FOOD

    EASTERN MOLES HAVE EXTREMELY HIGH ENERGY REQUIREMENTS
    need lots of food every day !
    they must forage and hunt a lot of their time !!!

    eats all sorts of foods  !!!
    EARTHWORMS
    INSECTS
    CENTIPEDES
    BEETLES
    SNAILS
    SLUGS
    AND OTHER INVERTEBRATES
    SOMETIMES EVEN FROGS
    INSECT LARVA
    WILL KILL AND AND EAT ADULT MICE
    YOUNG MICE
    CARRION
    ROOTS
    SEEDS
    MUSHROOMS

    can eat almost its weight in food every day
    MUST EAT AT LEAST 1/3 OF WEIGHT IN FOOD EVERY DAY
    the eastern mole eats its entire prey !  leaves no scraps !!!

    primary food is EARTHWORMS !
    EASTERN MOLES HUNT FOR THEM BY CIRCULATING THROUGH LARGE TUNNEL SYSTEM
    use upper tunnels for hunting in summer
    because warmer temperatures mean that earthworms are in the upper soil layers at that time

    use lower tunnels away from surface for hunting in cold weather because
    colder temperatures mean that insects and earthworms move to lower levels  

    EASTERN MOLES LOOK FOR FOOD FOR ABOUT 4 HOURS
    THEN
    REST FOR ABOUT 4 HOURS

    WOW!!!

    most of the mole's food simply FALLS into the mole tunnels !!!!
 

    SOCIAL  ORGANIZATION

    THE SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF THE EASTERN MOLE IS QUITE COMPLEX

    MALE EASTERN MOLES GENERALLY ARE QUITE AGGRESSIVE TO EACH OTHER
    particularly during the time of mating
    EXCEPT ..
    WHERE SOMETIMES
    THE TERRITORIES OF MALE EASTERN MOLES CAN OVERLAP EACH OTHER
    THE TUNNELS ARE SHARED LIKE A HIGHWAY SYSTEM WITHOUT AGGRESSION  !!!

    BOTH THE MALE AND FEMALE EASTERN MOLE ARE SOLITARY
    EXCEPT
    FOR THE PERIOD OF MATING IN THE SPRING

    scientists do not know all there is to know about the
    social organization of eastern moles  
 

    COMMUNICATION

    THE EASTERN MOLE SPENDS MOST OF ITS LIFE UNDERGROUND
    AND
    HAS HIGHLY ADAPTED METHODS OF COMMUNICATION
    FOR THIS ALMOST EXCLUSIVE SUBTERRANEAN LIFE

    THE EASTERN MOLE COMMUNICATES THROUGH
    VERBAL SOUNDS
    PHYSICAL POSTURES
    TACTILE TOUCHING
    CHEMICAL SMELLS AND SCENTS
    ULTRASONICS

    VERBAL
    BOTH THE FEMALE AND MALE EASTERN MOLE MAKE ALL SORTS OF COMMUNICATION SOUNDS
    SQUEAKS
    PURRS
    HISSES
    SNARLS
    GROWLS

    PHYSICAL
    ANY TIME EASTERN MOLES MEET OTHER EASTERN MOLES THEY WILL DISPLAY PHYSICAL POSTURES
    OF EITHER AN AGGRESSIVE STANCE OR NON-AGGRESSIVE STANCE

    TACTILE
    MOLES HAVE THE MOST SENSITIVE SKIN OF ALL ANIMALS
    MOLES FEEL ALL SORTS OF VIBRATIONS IN THE SOIL

    CHEMICAL
    THE EASTERN MOLE HAS A SUPER HIGHLY DEVELOPED SENSE OF SMELL
    FEMALE AND MALE EASTERN MOLES ARE ABLE TO LOCATE EACH OTHER BY SCENT
    AND .. DETERMINE IF THEY ARE APPROPRIATE POTENTIAL MATES

    THE EASTERN MOLE MARKS ITS TERRITORY AND TUNNELS WITH SCENT RELEASED FROM THEIR
    UNDERSIDES AS THEY TRAVEL ALONG

    ULTRASONICS
    EASTERN MOLES EMIT HIGH FREQUENCY SOUNDS
    AND RECEIVE THEM
    THIS HELPS TO NAVIGATE IN A DARK SUBTERRANEAN WORLD
 

    SPECIES PERPETUATION

    NEWLY YOUNG ADULT FEMALE AND MALE EASTERN MOLES ARE REPRODUCTIVELY MATURE
    AT ONE YEAR OF AGE

    EARLY SPRING IS THE TIME OF MATING

    THE MALES MOVE AROUND A LOT FOR SEVERAL WEEKS
    TRAVEL LONG DISTANCES TO FIND FEMALES
    TRAVEL ON THE SURFACE OF THE EARTH
    males may fight very aggressive fights to be the only male to approach a reproductively mature female
    the female makes the choice of which male is the appropriate mate
    it is important that she choose a male who is not genetically related to her
    this ensures that her babies will have the best and most diverse genetic material

    most of year eastern moles are solitary
    usually if male and female meet they will fight
    but
    during the time of mating .. a mated pair will stay together for a few weeks

    the female eastern mole raises her babies by herself

    THE FEMALE EASTERN MOLE HAS AN AMAZING AMAZING BODY CHARACTERISTIC   ! ! !
    in early spring before the mating time ..
    female eastern moles have a physical adaptation that changes ..
    the female develops an opening to her reproductive tract
    -  after the birth of the babies .. the opening closes up again for the rest of the year
    - it is closed most of the year to protect her internal organs
    from damage from soil particles underground

    before her babies are born .. the mother to be eastern mole creates or renovates a large chamber in her
    burrow for her babies ..
    NURSERY NEST
    she lines it with super soft plant material for her babies ..
    she gathers all sorts of things from the surface of the Earth

    gestation is 30 - 45 days

    scientists do not know very much
    about the fertile estrus time of the female eastern mole
    or
    about the courtship period of female and male eastern moles
 
 

    BABY  BYTES

    SCIENTISTS DO NOT KNOW VERY MUCH ABOUT THE BIRTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF
    EASTERN MOLES

    BABY EASTERN MOLES ARE BORN IN MAY AND JUNE

    BABY EASTERN MOLES ARE TOTALLY DEPENDENT ON THEIR MOMS FOR
    food . warmth . protection

    WEIGHT AT BIRTH
    .19 OUNCES

    there can be 2 - 7 baby eastern moles born in 1 litter

    at birth eastern moles are ..
    hairless
    pink
    cannot control body temperature

    THE FOOD OF THE BABY EASTERN MOLE IS MILK FROM THE MOM

    AT 14 DAYS OF AGE THE BABY EASTERN MOLE HAS GROWN ITS FUR
    AT 21 DAYS OLD THE BABY EASTERN MOLE'S EYES ARE OPEN FOR THE FIRST TIME
    AT 21 DAYS OLD BABY EASTERN MOLES ARE ALMOST ADULT SIZE
    AT 4 WEEKS OF AGE MATURING EASTERN MOLE BABIES BEGIN TO LEAVE THE NEST FOR THE FIRST TIME
    THEY FORAGE FOR THEMSELVES FOR THE FIRST TIME

    AT ABOUT 6 - 7 WEEKS OF AGE THE YOUNG ADULT EASTERN MOLES ARE INDEPENDENT

    THE YOUNG ADULT EASTERN MOLES WILL GO OUT ON THEIR OWN
    TRAVEL ABOUT TO FIND THEIR OWN NEW PLACE TO LIVE

    THIS PERIOD OF RELOCATION IS A TIME WHERE THEY SOMETIMES TRAVEL ABOVE GROUND  !
 
 

    IT'S  A  FASCINATING  FACT   !

    MOLE SAUCE - has nothing to do with EASTERN MOLES
    only the name is spelled the same
    MOLE SAUCE is a smoky cooked sauce ..
    garlic  . onions . chilies . dark chocolate
    ( THE SAUCE IS DARK AND SHINY LIKE A MOLE )

    even though the eastern mole has webbed feet and is named  " aquaticus " ..
    the eastern mole does NOT like watery habitats !

    THE EASTERN MOLE SOMETIMES COMES ABOVE GROUND FOR SHORT PERIODS OF TIME

    they are strong SWIMMERS !

    the eastern mole is a super GOOD CLIMBER ! ! !

    the eastern mole generally avoids wet ground  !

    THE EASTERN MOLE HAS A DISTINCT PATTERN OF ACTIVITY !
    4 - 5 hours foraging and hunting
    3 - 4 hours resting or sleeping in their soft nests
    ALL YEAR THE EASTERN MOLE REPEATS THE SAME PATTERNS OF ACTIVITY AND THEN REST !

    ACTIVE ALL YEAR
    DO NOT HIBERNATE  !

    since eastern moles spend so much time underground
    they are NOT preyed upon very much

    THE EASTERN MOLE IS ACTIVE DURING THE DAY
    and
    DURING THE NIGHT

    the eastern mole is a super fast powerful tireless digger !

    EASTERN MOLES HAVE SUPER POWERFUL SHOULDERS AND FRONT PAWS

    THE EASTERN MOLE SWIMS THROUGH THE SOIL

    EASTERN MOLES DO NOT PUSH THEIR WAY THROUGH THE SOIL WITH THEIR NOSES
    THEY DIG THROUGH THE SOIL WITH THEIR PAWS

    SOMETIMES EASTERN MOLES EVEN DIG IN THEIR SLEEP ! !!!!!!

    EASTERN MOLES ARE MOST ACTIVE JUST AFTER SUNSET AND JUST BEFORE SUNRISE
                                                                                                  
    during the 1950's and 1960's a series of books and cartoons were super popular
    in Czechoslovakia that were all about a sweet and wonderful little MOLE   !!!
    little MOLE is so beloved there.. that he even is on postage stamps !!!     how terrific  !!!!
    one stamp shows MOLE playing his part in Earth's diversity with his freinds all around  !!!
    the other stamp shows the little MOLE doing what all wonderful moles do ..
    important work for Earth !!!
    helping flowers to grow and creating habitat for other animals like the beautiful butterfly  !!!!!
 
 

    ENVIRONMENTAL CONTRIBUTION

    THE EASTERN MOLE MAKES A VALUABLE CONTRIBUTION TO THE BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY OF EARTH ..
    JUST SIMPLY WITH IT'S AMAZING PRESENCE  !

    THE EASTERN MOLE IS AN IMPORTANT INSECTIVORE
    A PREDATOR OF INSECTS
    THEY EAT LOTS OF INSECT LARVAE AND INVERTEBRATES !


    THE EASTERN MOLE AERATES THE SOIL WITH ITS TUNNEL SYSTEMS

    EASTERN MOLES HELP RAINWATER AND NUTRIENTS TO PENETRATE THE SOIL
    TO HELP NOURISH PLANTS OF PLANET EARTH !!


    EASTERN MOLES HELP TO CREATE SOIL BY BRINGING IN ALL SORTS OF NESTING MATERIALS
    ORGANIC PLANT MATERIAL . LEAVES . VEGETABLE MATTER
    all are brought in constantly to use as nesting materials
    ALL GET MIXED IN WITH BITS OF INORGANIC EARTH
    the mole pushes and mixes all together .. and creates soil !!!
    without which nothing on Earth could grow  ! ! !

    REMEMBER ..
    THE EASTERN MOLE IS A MASSIVE CONTRIBUTOR TO THE QUALITY OF LIFE ON THE PLANET EARTH   !
    MOLES LIVE THEIR AMAZING LIVES IN ..
    FARMLAND
    PASTURES
    GOLF COURSES
    ALL SORTS OF USED TO BE WILD LANDS ..
    THESE LANDS WERE THE DOMAIN OF MOLES SO VERY MUCH LONGER
    THAN THEY WERE ANYTHING TO DO WITH HUMANS ..

    MOLES LIVE THEIR LIVES IN THE SAME WAY AS THEY HAVE SINCE GOD CREATED THEM..
    .. CREATING SOIL . IMPROVING SOIL . AERATING SOIL .
    IMPROVING RAIN PENETRATION . REDUCING EROSION !
 

    HUMAN INTERACTION

    MOLES HAVE BEEN TERRIBLY MISUNDERSTOOD BY HUMANS FOR MANY MANY YEARS
    YET LOTS OF REALLY ANCIENT STORIES EXIST ABOUT HOW MOLES HELP PEOPLE ..

    THIS TELLS US THAT HUMANS ACTUALLY DID AT ONE TIME KNOW THAT MOLES
    WERE SUPER IMPORTANT TO THE HEALTH OF THE PLANET  !!!

    HUMANS HAVE BEEN SO TRULY INSPIRED BY THE AMAZING DIGGING ABILITIES OF
    THE MOLE ..
    THAT INVENTIONS HAVE BEEN CREATED ...
    THE BULLDOZER
    THE EXCAVATOR

    the bucket teeth of the excavator look just exactly like a mole's front paws !!!

    WOW !!!!!
 
 

    WORLD  STATUS

    THE ENTIRE COLLECTIVE SPECIES OF THE EASTERN MOLE IS NOT ENDANGERED
    BUT
    INDIVIDUAL EASTERN MOLES ARE ALWAYS IN DANGER FROM HUMANS
    WHO DO NOT UNDERSTAND HOW IMPORTANT THEY ARE TO PLANET EARTH
    AND
    DO NOT WANT TO SHARE PRECIOUS EARTH WITH THEM
 

    PROBLEMS

    use of chemical fertilizer can hurt or kill animals of the soil
    because they can burn and poison them

    use of herbicide to kill "weeds" hurts all animals by killing wild plants that they need for food
    and nesting materials

    use of herbicide gets into soil and can kill soil animals by poisoning them

    HUMANS NOT WANTING TO SHARE SPACE WITH EASTERN MOLES

    general lack of knowledge by humans about EASTERN MOLES

    LACK OF  EDUCATIONAL CURRICULUM IN SCHOOL PROGRAMS ABOUT ANIMALS

    SOLUTIONS

    USE ONLY ORGANIC FERTILIZER FOR GARDEN PLANTS

    DO NOT INTRODUCE POISONS INTO THE ENVIRONMENT OF THE EASTERN MOLE ..
    DO NOT EVER USE PESTICIDES
    DO NOT EVER USE HERBICIDES

    learn more about wild plants that animals need for nesting materials ..
    leave wild plants for wildlife
    do not rake up and cut down everything !!!  
    animals NEED these wild plants !!!

    HUMANS NEED TO THINK ABOUT ANIMALS ..
    humans need to expand their understanding and compassion for animals
    and to realize that animals have been here on Earth for millions of years !

    LEARN EVERYTHING YOU CAN ABOUT EASTERN MOLES
    AND TALK TO OTHERS ABOUT EASTERN MOLES

    DEMAND THAT CURRICULUM IN SCHOOLS BE DESIGNED AROUND ANIMALS !

PRAY AND THANK GOD FOR THE AMAZING MOLE  ! !!
 

    LANGUAGE - LITERATURE  

    MOLE SAUCE HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH MOLES
    IT COMES FROM THE WORD molli
    molli IS A WORD FOR SAUCE

    WORDS IN ENGLISH PERTAINING TO MOLES
    MOLE-EYED - having very small eyes
    MOLE HILL - small pushed up pile of earth that results from the construction efforts of moles
    (also means a tiny problem)
    MOLE CAST - another name for a mole hill

    ENGLISH saying ..
    DO NOT MAKE A MOUNTAIN OUT OF A MOLE HILL
    ( do not exaggerate about a little problem and act like it is a huge problem that cannot be solved )

    MOLE - an undercover agent placed in an organization as a spy

    famous television cartoon character
    MOROCCO MOLE
    1965
    sidekick to Secret Squirrel
    together they defended the world from all sorts of wrong doers !


    OCTOBER 23 - INTERNATIONAL MOLE DAY
    a mole is a unit of measure
    it is a tiny unit in chemistry
    INTERNATIONAL MOLE DAY celebrates everything about MOLES and CHEMISTRY


    comic strip character  MOLSTER
    from comic strip POGO
    about an opossum named POGO and all his friends
    MOLSTER was one of his friends


    famous hero in the book THE WIND IN THE WILLOWS
    Mole is one of the great and dear friends of Toad of Toad Hall
    Mole figures out the brilliant plan to help Toad to recover his home
 
 
 
" Who is like you, LORD ? "
Psalm 35:10
 

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" This is what the LORD says__
The wild animals honor me
"
Isaiah 43:14,20
 
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