EASTERN MOLES HAVE EXTREMELY HIGH ENERGY REQUIREMENTS
need lots of food every day !
they must forage and hunt a lot of their time !!!
eats all sorts of foods !!!
AND OTHER INVERTEBRATES
SOMETIMES EVEN FROGS
WILL KILL AND AND EAT ADULT MICE
can eat almost its weight in food every day
MUST EAT AT LEAST 1/3 OF WEIGHT IN FOOD EVERY DAY
the eastern mole eats its entire prey ! leaves no scraps !!!
primary food is EARTHWORMS !
EASTERN MOLES HUNT FOR THEM BY CIRCULATING THROUGH LARGE TUNNEL SYSTEM
use upper tunnels for hunting in summer
because warmer temperatures mean that earthworms are in the upper soil layers at that time
use lower tunnels away from surface for hunting in cold weather because
colder temperatures mean that insects and earthworms move to lower levels
EASTERN MOLES LOOK FOR FOOD FOR ABOUT 4 HOURS
REST FOR ABOUT 4 HOURS
most of the mole's food simply FALLS into the mole tunnels !!!!
THE SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF THE EASTERN MOLE IS QUITE COMPLEX
MALE EASTERN MOLES GENERALLY ARE QUITE AGGRESSIVE TO EACH OTHER
particularly during the time of mating
THE TERRITORIES OF MALE EASTERN MOLES CAN OVERLAP EACH OTHER
THE TUNNELS ARE SHARED LIKE A HIGHWAY SYSTEM WITHOUT AGGRESSION !!!
BOTH THE MALE AND FEMALE EASTERN MOLE ARE SOLITARY
FOR THE PERIOD OF MATING IN THE SPRING
scientists do not know all there is to know about the
social organization of eastern moles
THE EASTERN MOLE SPENDS MOST OF ITS LIFE UNDERGROUND
HAS HIGHLY ADAPTED METHODS OF COMMUNICATION
FOR THIS ALMOST EXCLUSIVE SUBTERRANEAN LIFE
THE EASTERN MOLE COMMUNICATES THROUGH
CHEMICAL SMELLS AND SCENTS
BOTH THE FEMALE AND MALE EASTERN MOLE MAKE ALL SORTS OF COMMUNICATION SOUNDS
ANY TIME EASTERN MOLES MEET OTHER EASTERN MOLES THEY WILL DISPLAY PHYSICAL POSTURES
OF EITHER AN AGGRESSIVE STANCE OR NON-AGGRESSIVE STANCE
MOLES HAVE THE MOST SENSITIVE SKIN OF ALL ANIMALS
MOLES FEEL ALL SORTS OF VIBRATIONS IN THE SOIL
THE EASTERN MOLE HAS A SUPER HIGHLY DEVELOPED SENSE OF SMELL
FEMALE AND MALE EASTERN MOLES ARE ABLE TO LOCATE EACH OTHER BY SCENT
AND .. DETERMINE IF THEY ARE APPROPRIATE POTENTIAL MATES
THE EASTERN MOLE MARKS ITS TERRITORY AND TUNNELS WITH SCENT RELEASED FROM THEIR
UNDERSIDES AS THEY TRAVEL ALONG
EASTERN MOLES EMIT HIGH FREQUENCY SOUNDS
AND RECEIVE THEM
THIS HELPS TO NAVIGATE IN A DARK SUBTERRANEAN WORLD
NEWLY YOUNG ADULT FEMALE AND MALE EASTERN MOLES ARE REPRODUCTIVELY MATURE
AT ONE YEAR OF AGE
EARLY SPRING IS THE TIME OF MATING
THE MALES MOVE AROUND A LOT FOR SEVERAL WEEKS
TRAVEL LONG DISTANCES TO FIND FEMALES
TRAVEL ON THE SURFACE OF THE EARTH
males may fight very aggressive fights to be the only male to approach a reproductively mature female
the female makes the choice of which male is the appropriate mate
it is important that she choose a male who is not genetically related to her
this ensures that her babies will have the best and most diverse genetic material
most of year eastern moles are solitary
usually if male and female meet they will fight
during the time of mating .. a mated pair will stay together for a few weeks
the female eastern mole raises her babies by herself
THE FEMALE EASTERN MOLE HAS AN AMAZING AMAZING BODY CHARACTERISTIC ! ! !
in early spring before the mating time ..
female eastern moles have a physical adaptation that changes ..
the female develops an opening to her reproductive tract
- after the birth of the babies .. the opening closes up again for the rest of the year
- it is closed most of the year to protect her internal organs
from damage from soil particles underground
before her babies are born .. the mother to be eastern mole creates or renovates a large chamber in her
burrow for her babies ..
she lines it with super soft plant material for her babies ..
she gathers all sorts of things from the surface of the Earth
gestation is 30 - 45 days
scientists do not know very much
about the fertile estrus time of the female eastern mole
about the courtship period of female and male eastern moles
SCIENTISTS DO NOT KNOW VERY MUCH ABOUT THE BIRTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF
BABY EASTERN MOLES ARE BORN IN MAY AND JUNE
BABY EASTERN MOLES ARE TOTALLY DEPENDENT ON THEIR MOMS FOR
food . warmth . protection
WEIGHT AT BIRTH
there can be 2 - 7 baby eastern moles born in 1 litter
at birth eastern moles are ..
cannot control body temperature
THE FOOD OF THE BABY EASTERN MOLE IS MILK FROM THE MOM
AT 14 DAYS OF AGE THE BABY EASTERN MOLE HAS GROWN ITS FUR
AT 21 DAYS OLD THE BABY EASTERN MOLE'S EYES ARE OPEN FOR THE FIRST TIME
AT 21 DAYS OLD BABY EASTERN MOLES ARE ALMOST ADULT SIZE
AT 4 WEEKS OF AGE MATURING EASTERN MOLE BABIES BEGIN TO LEAVE THE NEST FOR THE FIRST TIME
THEY FORAGE FOR THEMSELVES FOR THE FIRST TIME
AT ABOUT 6 - 7 WEEKS OF AGE THE YOUNG ADULT EASTERN MOLES ARE INDEPENDENT
THE YOUNG ADULT EASTERN MOLES WILL GO OUT ON THEIR OWN
TRAVEL ABOUT TO FIND THEIR OWN NEW PLACE TO LIVE
THIS PERIOD OF RELOCATION IS A TIME WHERE THEY SOMETIMES TRAVEL ABOVE GROUND !
IT'S A FASCINATING FACT !
MOLE SAUCE - has nothing to do with EASTERN MOLES
only the name is spelled the same
MOLE SAUCE is a smoky cooked sauce ..
garlic . onions . chilies . dark chocolate
( THE SAUCE IS DARK AND SHINY LIKE A MOLE )
even though the eastern mole has webbed feet and is named " aquaticus " ..
the eastern mole does NOT like watery habitats !
THE EASTERN MOLE SOMETIMES COMES ABOVE GROUND FOR SHORT PERIODS OF TIME
they are strong SWIMMERS !
the eastern mole is a super GOOD CLIMBER ! ! !
the eastern mole generally avoids wet ground !
THE EASTERN MOLE HAS A DISTINCT PATTERN OF ACTIVITY !
4 - 5 hours foraging and hunting
3 - 4 hours resting or sleeping in their soft nests
ALL YEAR THE EASTERN MOLE REPEATS THE SAME PATTERNS OF ACTIVITY AND THEN REST !
ACTIVE ALL YEAR
DO NOT HIBERNATE !
since eastern moles spend so much time underground
they are NOT preyed upon very much
THE EASTERN MOLE IS ACTIVE DURING THE DAY
DURING THE NIGHT
the eastern mole is a super fast powerful tireless digger !
EASTERN MOLES HAVE SUPER POWERFUL SHOULDERS AND FRONT PAWS
THE EASTERN MOLE SWIMS THROUGH THE SOIL
EASTERN MOLES DO NOT PUSH THEIR WAY THROUGH THE SOIL WITH THEIR NOSES
THEY DIG THROUGH THE SOIL WITH THEIR PAWS
SOMETIMES EASTERN MOLES EVEN DIG IN THEIR SLEEP ! !!!!!!
EASTERN MOLES ARE MOST ACTIVE JUST AFTER SUNSET AND JUST BEFORE SUNRISE
during the 1950's and 1960's a series of books and cartoons were super popular
in Czechoslovakia that were all about a sweet and wonderful little MOLE !!!
little MOLE is so beloved there.. that he even is on postage stamps !!! how terrific !!!!
one stamp shows MOLE playing his part in Earth's diversity with his freinds all around !!!
the other stamp shows the little MOLE doing what all wonderful moles do ..
important work for Earth !!!
helping flowers to grow and creating habitat for other animals like the beautiful butterfly !!!!!